Details and Styles

BRICKWORK page 3: Flemich bond

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Flemish bond gradually replaced English bond. Braun (1973:33 - see bibliography) says that English bond "lasted until the end of the seventeenth century when it was replaced by the 'Flemish bond' in which we find each course laid with headers and stretchers alternating in the same course" (my emphasis - see photos below for examples).

This is a slight exaggeration, as in some cases we find English bond later than this (even nowadays), but it is a useful generalisation.

See these nice examples of Flemish bond in Canterbury:

17th Century wall outside Barton Court Grammar School, Longport. Note the deliberate effect of using vitrified (overcooked) blacker bricks for the headers.
Same as above.
Wall by Marlowe theatre car park. This is different - it has three stretchers between each header and is called 'Flemish garden wall bond'. It is quite rare in Canterbury - I know of only two or three examples.
Modern Flemish bond. Wall in building on the ring road opposite the Queningate. The building deliberately imitates old styles.
Decaying brickwork in Marlowe Theatre car park. This shows clearly the vitirified headers mentioned above.
Same as above
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Copyright Stephen Bax 1999