When the Romans left Britain in 410 AD, the use of bricks stopped.
This seems strange to me, but is explained by some as the result
of local ignorance - the British didn't know how to carry on the
Clifton Taylor says it was "probably because the country
was so thickly wooded that there was plenty of timber for everybody"
(Clifton Taylor 1997:13, see bibliography),
but surely that was true in Roman times too?
In any case, the first major use of brick in England after the
Romans was in 1275 at Little Wenham Hall near Ipswich. Even so,
until 1550 the use of bricks was limited - buildings were still
largely built of wooden timbers. From 1550 onwards things began
to change (perhaps because wood became more expensive and rarer,
possibly because of its extensive use in shipbuilding.)
This marks the start of the extensive use of what is called 'English
bond', with one line of bricks positioned lengthways and then a
line placed on top of that with all bricks placed sideways. See
the pictures below.